Tuberculosis is a global challenge to public health throughout the world. Poor adherence to treatment remains a significant problem that prevents countries from obtaining high treatment success rates that is essential for health systems to control the epidemic and decrease spread of the disease.
In 2016 Curatio International Foundation conducted a qualitative study to investigate factors that enhance or hinder treatment adherence among Drug Resistant TB patients (DR-TB) in Georgia. The study revealed different types of factors affecting treatment adherence among DR-TB patients and grouped them into structural, social, personal and health system factors according to the study conceptual framework. The study made it clear that all factors are closely interlinked and mutually influence each other.
The study provides evidence that may help policy-makers develop effective strategies for improving treatment outcomes among DR-TB patients. The study findings might be helpful for other countries in the region where TB burden is also high.
The study report and policy brief is downloadable below: